The ELL students have two major goals in their development of English proficiency:
In order to achieve these goals, ELL students need to develop English proficiency in the four communication domains of listening, speaking, reading and writing. Students also need to comprehend what they hear and what they read. Therefore, comprehension of both spoken and written English is an underlying competency that limited English proficient students need to develop in order to achieve the above goals.
(from Ohio English Language Proficiency Standards April 2006)
Limited English Proficient (LEP) is defined as a student who:
(a) meets one or more of the following conditions:
the student was born outside of the United States or whose native language is not English;
The student comes from an environment where a language other than English is dominant;
The student is American Latin or American Native and comes from an environment where a language other than English has had a significant impact on his/her level of English proficiency;
(b) has sufficient difficulty speaking, reading, writing, or understanding the English language to deny him/her the opportunity to learn successfully in English-only classroom.